IAEA will develop recommendations for Ukraine on improvement of the terminology used in Ukrainian legislation in the field of radioactive waste management
Ukrainian experts, together with the IAEA expert mission, are developing recommendations for improvement of the legislative terminology in the field of radioactive waste management (RW).
«Ukrainian terminology in the field of radioactive waste management was legally established predominantly in the 1990s and currently does not meet international standards. We have appealed to the IAEA experts to help to eliminate all the gaps and inconsistencies of national legislation and establish a transparent and reliable system of safe radioactive waste management in Ukraine», said Oleh Nasvit, First Deputy Head of the State Agency of Ukraine for the Exclusion Zone Management (SAUEZM).
The working group consisting of IAEA experts, SAUEZM, SE «NNEGC» Energoatom», SSE «ChNPP» and enterprises of SC «UkrGO «Radon» studied in detail the basic documents that determine the process of radioactive waste management at legislative level. As a result, they identified a number of problematic issues that require a responseASAP in view of the prospect of emergence of a large amount of RW from the NPP units decommissioning and dismantling of equipment from the 1-3 NPP units. According to the experts, the timely improvement of Ukrainian legislation will prevent delays during these large-scale works.
The basis for developing expert recommendations is the IAEA Safety Guideline (GSR Part 3), the IAEA Glossary 2016, and other IAEA documents (GSR Part 5, GSR Part 6 and SSR-5), which are universally accepted international examples of terminology in the field of radioactive waste management.
According to Oleg Nasvit, the recommendations of the IAEA will give the Agency the basis for initiating necessary changes to the terminology of Ukrainian legislation in this area.
Legislative and regulatory frameworks the experts worked with:
1. Law of Ukraine "On Radioactive Waste Management"
2. Law of Ukraine "On the Use of Nuclear Energy and Radiation Safety"
3. Radiation safety standards of Ukraine (RSSU -97)
4. DGN 6.6.1.-6.5.061-2000 Radiation Safety Standards of Ukraine, Annex: Radiation protection from potential sources of radiation. State Hygiene Standards (RSSU-97 D-2000)
5. Basic sanitary rules of radiation safety of Ukraine. State sanitary regulations 6.177-2005-09-02 (Basic sanitary rules-2005)., Approved by the order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine dated February 2, 2005 No. 54; registered in the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine dated May 29, 2005 No. 552/10832
6. Procedure for the release of radioactive materials from regulatory control within the framework of practical activities (NP 306.4.159-2010), approved by the SNRIU Order of 01.07.2010, No. 84
7. Hygienic Standards "Levels of release of radioactive materials from regulatory control", approved by the Decree of the Chief State Sanitary Doctor of Ukraine dated June 30, 2010 No. 22
8. The basic control levels, levels of release and levels of action regarding radioactive contamination of the facilities in the Exclusion zone and the zone of unconditional (mandatory) resettlement, approved by the Ministry of Emergency Situations and Protection of the Population from the Consequences of the Chornobyl catastrophe, 2008
9. General provisions for safe disposal of radioactive waste, approved by the order of the State Inspectorate for Nuclear Regulation of Ukraine dated August 13, 2018 No. 331
10. General provisions for radioactive waste management before their disposal, approved by order of the State Inspectorate for Nuclear Regulation of Ukraine dated 01.08.2017, No. 279