Present and Future of the Chornobyl Radiation and Ecological Biosphere Reserve
By the decree of the President of Ukraine, Chornobyl Radiation and Ecological Biosphere Reserve was created on the 227 thousand hectares of the Exclusion Zone.
"The Reserve will act as a kind of "green" buffer between tightly contaminated lands around the Chornobyl NPP and the rest of Ukraine. However, the status of the reserve is not enough for the organization of effective work in this territory. At the request of the Reserve, a project is underway to organize the territory, the development of which involves enterprises belonging to the management of the State Agency of Ukraine on Exclusion Zone Management. For the full functioning of the Reserve, by the end of the year, it is planned to open a scientific laboratory in Chornobyl for conducting research and field works," - Vitalii Petruk, Head of the State Agency of Ukraine on Exclusion Zone Management, says.
Taras Melnychuk, acting Director of the Chornobyl Reserve, told about the current state of the largest biosphere reserve in Ukraine at a press conference held in the Exclusion Zone.
"In recent years, the term "elimination of consequences" in relation to the Exclusion Zone is gradually becoming a thing of the past, transforming into a period of" revival", and the Reserve played a role in this. "Revival" is our main goal: the revival of nature and its conservation, as well as the revival of scientific research in these territories," - Taras Melnychuk says.
During 32 years since the accident there was a spectacular self-renewal of nature at 227 thousand hectares, which is now a Chornobyl Reserve. According to the assumptions of scientists, there are currently around 54 animals and 115 plants that are listed in the Red Data Book of Ukraine.
Specific ecological conditions of the territory and significant changes in the quantitative and species composition of the flora and fauna have made the Chornobyl Reserve interesting for Ukrainian and foreign scientists, as well as colleagues from the environmental sphere. The Reserve is now a unique platform for experimentation and scientific research.
"The Reserve gradually turns into a source of real information about the current state of the nature of the Exclusion Zone. Our specialists scatter myths and stereotypes about the degree of contamination of these territories, which are formed in society," - Taras Melnychuk emphasizes.