SAUEZM experts in Vienna presented the experience of Ukraine in the field of radioactive waste management
During the VI meeting on compliance with the United Nations Convention on the Safety of Spent Nuclear Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management in Vienna (Republic of Austria), the VI National Report of Ukraine on the fulfillment of obligations under the Joint Convention in three-year period was held. Experts emphasized Ukraine's proper fulfillment of its commitments.
«During 3 years there has been a number of positive changes. I especially want to note the restoration of the State Fund for Radioactive Waste Management, its target use and accumulation characteristics. This is one of the key points in fulfilling Ukraine's obligations under the Joint Convention», – Oleh Nasvit, First Deputy Head of the State Agency of Ukraine on Exclusion Zone Management, said.
The First Deputy Head also noted the steps of Ukraine towards the commissioning of critical objects of the ChNPP industrial site – the New Safe Confinement and a spent nuclear fuel storage facility No. 2. These are key objects for the transfer of Shelter Object into an ecologically safe state and ensuring safety of storage of spent nuclear fuel of the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant for 100 years.
«This year we plan to put the NSC into operation and begin the «hot» tests of ISF-2», – Oleh Nasvit said.
In addition, in the Exclusion Zone, a number of projects are being implemented to improve the safety of «emergency» radwaste of Chornobyl origin and to create an infrastructure for radwaste management that will be created at removal of 1-3 ChNPP power units from operation. Also here is the development of a system for handling spent ionizing radiation sources, which are currently stored at the special combines of the SC «UkrSA «Radon». In particular, in the Exclusion Zone, a Centralized Storage facility for long-term storage of spent ionizing radiation sources (CSSIRS) was constructed, to which SIRS from all the existing special combines in Ukrainewill be transported. At present, the CSSIRS is undergoing a «hot» test, in which about 1500 spent sources have already been transported there. Upon completion of the tests and obtaining a license for the operation of the storage facility, the first project should be the transportation of 95 000 SIRS from the Kyiv Special Combine, which will be the first step in the liberation of Kyiv from radioactive waste.
«Our experience in the construction, commissioning and organization of the process of dealing with spent ionizing radiation sources is of interest to the international community. Some countries have already addressed us with a proposal to exchange practical experience in this area», – Andriy Burgomistrenko, General Director of the USC «Radon» said.
Specialists of the Ukrainian delegation also noted that the construction of new storage facilities for the disposal and long-term storage of radioactive waste (in particular, fragmented high-level radwaste to be returned from the Russian Federation), as well as the creation of a geological storage of radioactive waste remain important issues for the country. At present, the national system for radwaste and spent nuclear fuel management is being improved in accordance with international standards of the IAEA.