Ukraine cooperates with the IAEA in the field of geological disposal of radioactive waste
During the 17th annual IAEA Technical Meeting on Global Progress in Deep Geological Disposal in New Delhi (India), discussions were held on the latest developments in this field by experts from countries-participants of URF Network (Network of Underground Research Laboratories for Geological Disposal).
«URF Network enables countries to share best practices in the development, assessment and implementation of decisions on the disposal of radioactive waste in deep geological formations. All of them are based on the understanding of the high level of security requirements and management decisions and can be used by Ukraine in developing the concept of deep geological repository», – Anastasia Nechytailo, deputy head of the department of information, external and public relations of the State Enterprise «COTIS», said.
During the event, the Ukrainian side presented a national program on radioactive waste (RW)management.
«Ukraine has sufficiently developed legislation in the field of geological disposal. At the legislative level, the necessity of creating a geological repository is determined. In order to move on to practical steps, you need to define an early concept of geological disposal», – Anastasia Nechytailo, says.
Experts from participating countries noted Ukraine’s desire to further develop in the direction of geological disposal.
In addition to Ukraine, India, Canada, Japan, China, Korea, Switzerland, Germany, France, Czech Republic and South Africa presented their own national programs. Representatives of the countries discussed progress in the construction of geological repositories, as well as exchanged experience in the construction and operation of underground research laboratories.
According to the meeting, it was emphasized that by the end of 2018 the following documents will be updated by the IAEA and the participating countries: Road Map for the Establishment of a Geological Repository, Determining the Cost and Financing of the Geological Repository, Site Selection Guide. In addition, by the end of 2019, an Almanac for the creation of underground research laboratories should be prepared, which will gather the main relevant theoretical and practical information on this topic from countries with developed nuclear power and create geological storage facilities for radioactive waste disposal.
The next meeting will take place in September 2019 in China.
Geological repository is a radioactive waste (RW)storage facility intended for their burial in deep, stable geological formations, capable of providing reliable and long-term isolation of radioactive waste from the environment. Long-lived radwaste in a solid state is a subject to burial in stable geological formations andcannot be buried in surface or near-surface repositories.
The creation of such a repository is foreseen by the Law of Ukraine «On Radioactive Waste Management».