Information on visiting the exclusion zone by citizens under 18 years of age
According to the current order of visiting, visits to the Exclusion Zone are possible for citizens who have reached 18 years of age. This requirement is justified by the provisions of the Civil Code of Ukraine, as being in the Exclusion Zone causes obligations related to the rules of radiation safety and responsibility for their implementation.
As about public statements regarding the lowering of the age limit for visiting the Exclusion Zone, the SAUZM informs that this topic is currently regulated by a number of laws and regulations.
- Law of Ukraine «On protection of man from the effects of ionizing radiation», Vedomosti of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, 1998, № 22, Article 115, which establishes the powers of state executive bodies aimed at protecting life, health and property of people from negative exposure to ionizing radiation.
- The procedure for visiting the Exclusion Zone and the Zone of Unconditional (Compulsory) Resettlement, which establishes the procedure for obtaining a permit to visit the Exclusion Zone.
- Civil Code of Ukraine, Bulletin of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, 2003, №№ 40-44, Art. 356, which determines the features of civil capacity of an individual.
- Law of Ukraine «Fundamentals of Legislation of Ukraine on Health Care», information of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (VRU), 1993, № 4, Article 19, which establish the responsibilities of citizens in the field of health care.
- The Law of Ukraine «On Child Protection», the Family Code of Ukraine, the Declaration of the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
- Radiation safety standards of Ukraine; addition: Radiation protection from potential radiation sources (NRBU-97 / D-2000), Resolution of the Chief State Sanitary Physician of Ukraine 12.07.2000 № 116, which establishes the principles of radiation protection.
- IAEA safety standards to protect people and protect the environment. The basic principles of security, according to the first part of Article 9 of the Constitution of Ukraine, current international treaties, the binding nature of which was approved by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, are part of the national legislation of Ukraine.
In addition, the legal framework governing visits is based on Ukrainian and international legislation aimed at protecting human life and health from the negative effects of ionizing radiation.
Another important component of radiation protection is the principle of justification, which is that the benefits of the chosen activity outweigh the total damage to society or the individual.
Any public statements on such issues require only expert, balanced and professional assessments.